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Trends in Expenditure on `Science, Technology and Environment' during 1989-90 to 1996-97 and budget for 1997-98 to 1998-99

 

     a.     Expenditure on `Science, Technology and Environment' includes expenditures on atomic energy research, space research, other scientific research, oceanography research and ecology and environment (for details please see table 2).

 

     b.   For expenditure on `Science, Technology and Environment' (S) as percentage of the total national expenditure (N), one should note that `S' does not represent the total budget for science and technology activities of the Central Government.

 

 

                (Rupees in Crore; 1 Crore= 1 million)

 

           1989-90 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94

           Actuals Actuals Actuals Actuals Actuals

National

Expenditure (N)

 

Plan            27520 28365 30961 36660 43662

 

Non - Plan 65388 76933 80453 85958 98191

 

Total      92908 105298 111414 122618 141853

 

Science

Technology

& Environment (S)

 

Plan               679    706    814    838    953

 

Non - Plan    476    555    621    672    681

 

Total        1155   1261   1435   1510   1634

 

S as % of N       1.24   1.20   1.29   1.23   1.15

 

 

 

           1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99

           Actuals Actuals Actuals Revised Budget

National

Expenditure (N)

 

Plan            47378 46374 53534 60630 72002

 

Non - Plan 113361 131901 147473 174615 196105

 

Total 160739 178275 201007 235245 268107

 

Science

Technology

& Environment (S)

 

Plan              1098   1262   1793   1965   2766

 

Non - Plan    843    934   1057   1346   1495

 

Total        1941   2196   2850   3311   4261

 

S as % of N       1.20   1.23   1.42   1.40   1.59

 

     Number of patent applications filed in India

 

 

-----------------------------------------------------------

Year Indian Indian Foreign Total

                (% of

                Foreign)

-----------------------------------------------------------

1986-87    983 39.2 2506 3489

1987-88    930 36.8 2527 3457

1988-89    1077 42.8 2516 3593

1989-90    1039 39.6 2621 3660

1990-91    1180 45.7 2583 3763

1991-92    1293 57.2 2259 3552

1992-93    1228 54.8 2239 3467

1993-94    1266 48.6 2603 3869

1994-95    1741 48.5 3589 5330

1995-96    1606 29.5 5430 7036

1996-97    1661 24.0 6901 8562

-----------------------------------------------------------


     Field-wise distribution of patent applications

 

 

     \Year 1991-92     1993-94     1995-96 1996-97

Field

 

Chemical

 

  Filed         1185 1122 1934 1969

  Granted       474 436 470 282

 

Drug

 

  Filed         323 273 1000 1124

  Granted       118 145 132   71

 

Food

 

  Filed           38   82 104 121

  Granted         10   30   34   18

 

Electrical

(includes

Telecommunications)

 

  Filed         468 426 1131 1677

  Granted       167 132   56   54

 

Mechanical

 

  Filed         994 895 1599 1656

  Granted       181 215 159 142

 

General

 

  Filed         544 1071 1268 2015

  Granted       726 788 682 340

 

Total

 

  Filed         3552 3869 7036 8562

  Granted       1676 1746 1533 907

 

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